I was recently working on a project to spin up about ~50 VMs which were all based on CentOS 7.4 and ran into an issue during the customization phase failing. The error I was receiving was:
"Customization of the guest operating system 'centos64guest' is not supported in this configuration. Microsoft Vista and Linux guests with a Logical Volume Manager are support only for recent ESX host and VMware Tools versions"
Now this was not the first time I have seen this over the years but honestly it had been a while. So I am documenting this here in case I run into this again and of course forget how to resolve the issue.
The vSphere template that I was using initially did have LVM for the volume manager
so I built a new fresh template using the CentOS Minimal ISO
and did not use LVM but rather just standard partitioning. I then installed
open-vm-tools and tried provisioning with Terraform once again. And of course
ran into the same issue again. After a bit of trying (~3 hours) to figure out
if the issue was with Terraform or vSphere I finally narrowed down that it was
actually on the vSphere side. My next attempt I converted the template back to
a VM, uninstalled
open-vm-tools and then decided to use the
instead. The steps to install
open-vm-tools-deploypkg is as follows:
yum install wget wget https://packages.vmware.com/tools/keys/VMWARE-PACKAGING-GPG-DSA-KEY.pub wget https://packages.vmware.com/tools/keys/VMWARE-PACKAGING-GPG-RSA-KEY.pub rpm --import VMWARE-PACKAGING-GPG-DSA-KEY.pub rpm --import VMWARE-PACKAGING-GPG-RSA-KEY.pub
/etc/yum.repos.d/vmware-tools.repo with the following:
[vmware-tools] name = VMware Tools baseurl = https://packages.vmware.com/packages/rhel7/x86_64/ enabled = 1 gpgcheck = 1
And now install
yum install open-vm-tools-deploypkg
After installing the
open-vm-tools-deploypkg I converted the VM to a template
once again and attempted to provision using Terraform. This time I got past the
error that I was originally getting but this time the VMs would spin up and the
customization would run but the VM hostnames and static IP addresses were not
being configured. I was making progress but why was this not working still? So
I did some more Google searches and found a blurb that triggered my memory on this,
Perl is a requirement for the customization to work correctly. So I converted
the template to a VM once again and spun it up, and sure enough, Perl was not
installed. So after installing perl:
yum install perl
I converted the VM back to a template and kicked off the Terraform provisioning once again. And sure enough, there it went, worked as it should and only took about ~5 minutes to spin up all of the VMs, configure their hostnames and static IP addresses as desired.
So there you have it. Hopefully I will remember this post or at least find it through Google whenever I run into this issue again. Or maybe it will also be useful to someone else.